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Plan Ahead and Prepare

Every Outdoor activity is different so there are specific environmental and safety considerations for every activity


New Zealand Research

  • Kerry Wray; Michael Harbrow; Bronek Kazmierow, Planning for visitor management at Mason Bay (Rakiura National Park, Stewart Island) (2005) DOC Research and Development Series, no 22.

  • Cessford G, and Edginton M. 2007. Defining values in place: a practical application for visitor management in protected areas. In: Watson, Alan; Sproull, Janet, Dean, Liese, comps. 2007. Science and stewardship to protect and sustain wilderness values: 8th World Wilderness Congress symposium: September 30–October 6 2005; Anchorage, AK. Proceedings RMRS-P-49. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.

  • Cessford, G. (Ed.) (2001) The state of wilderness in New Zealand. Department of Conservation. Wellington

International Research

  • Cole, David N. 1989. Low-impact recreational practices for wilderness and backcountry. USDA Forest Service. General Technical Report. INT-265

  • Marion, Jeffrey L., Teresa A. Martinez, and Robert D. Proudman. 2001. Trekking poles: Can you save your knees and the environment? The Register 24(5):1, 10, 11.

  • Stewart, William; Cole, David; Manning, Robert; Valliere, William; Taylor, Jonathan; Lee, Martha. 2000. Preparing for a Day Hike at Grand Canyon: What Information Is Useful?. In: Cole, David N.; McCool, Stephen F.; Borrie, William T.; O’Loughlin,

  • Jennifer, comps. 2000. Wilderness science in a time of change conference — Volume 4: Wilderness visitors, experiences, and visitor management; 2000 May 23 –27; Missoula, MT. Proceedings RMRS-P-15-VOL-4. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 221-225 Available at: http://leopold.wilderness.net/pubsResults.cfm?searchType=Publication&Pub=437

  • Stoner, Mary A., Kelly, M. Hanlon, S. 1993. Techniques and equipment for wilderness travel with stock. USDA Forest Service. 9323-2839-MTDC. 60 p.

  • Cole, D.N., Watson, A.E., Hall, T.E. and Spildie, D.R. (1997) High-Use Destinations in Wilderness: Social and Biophysical Impacts, Visitor Responses, and Management Options USDA Forest Service Intermountain Research Station Paper 496, Ogden. Utah.